Causes and Symptoms of Bunions

As a bunion develops, there is generally minimal discomfort that is experienced. The bony growth that appears on the bottom of the big toe will grow in size, and the amount of pain encountered will often increase in relation to the size of the bunion. High heels can often exacerbate an existing bunion because they limit the room toes have to move freely around. The toes are forced to endure pressure, causing the joint under the big toe to shift outward. Additional causes of bunions may include trauma and injuries the foot may have encountered or a predisposed inherited gene that may have affected the structure of the foot. Wearing appropriate footwear can help increase comfort and reduce pain that may be felt, while also allowing for ample toe room. If you suspect that you have a bunion, see a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis and treatment options.

If you are suffering from bunion pain, contact one of our podiatrists of Footcare 2 You, Inc. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.


Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
Inflammatory Conditions – rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development


  • Redness and inflammation
  • Pain and tenderness
  • Callus or corns on the bump
  • Restricted motion in the big toe

In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in West Orange, Toms River, Bloomfield, and Elmwood Park, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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